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TBTF for 1999-05-08: Netopath

Keith Dawson (dawson dot tbtf at gmail dot com)
Sat, 8 May 13:04:33 -0400


Contents


Intercepting communications worldwide

Secret group founded by the FBI pushes international data monitoring

The CALEA law [0] in the US, an Australian regulation requiring tapping of telecomms, and a secret EU policy position are all traceable directly to the efforts of a secret international group of law enforcement officers -- called ILETS -- convened by the FBI and meeting since 1993 to push building universal wiretap-ability into worldwide communications. Duncan Campbell reports for the Guardian and Observer [1] (cookies required).

The existence and operation of the ILETS group is but one subject covered in the report "Interception Capabilities 2000," which Campbell authored for the European Parliament's Science and Technology Options Assessment Panel. IC2000 was approved as a working document at the STOA meeting in Strasbourg on 1999-05-06. It is available here [2]. (The text downloads 332K. Turn off graphics to avoid another 761K; the graphics add little to the article.)

Today your email, Web browsing, online chat, telex, phone calls, cell calls, and faxes are almost certainly being swept up in one or more national or international interception dragnets. Unless you routinely use PGP, or communicate over a robust encrypted VPN link, these communications can be read by unaccountable agencies in any one of a growing number of countries.

Does this fact make you angry? Then encrypt.

[0] http://www.statewatch.org/news2.htm
[1] http://www.newsunlimited.co.uk/The_Paper/Weekly/Story/0,3605,45981,00.html
[2] http://www.iptvreports.mcmail.com/interception_capabilities_2000.htm

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An advance in factoring: Shamir's TWINKLE

Opto-electronic sieving challenges 512-bit PGP keys

Adi Shamir, one of the inventors of RSA, has made a major advance in the factoring of large numbers [3] (free registration and cookies required for this NY Times story). The new work describes hardware that, if constructed, might put the routine factoring of 150-digit numbers more easily within reach. This would mean that 512-bit RSA keys (for example) would be vulnerable to cracking with modest resources.

Details of Shamir's approach have been posted on the RSA Labs site [4]. Shamir's paper is also available in PostScript (370K) [5] or Zip (79K) [6] form.

Shamir proposes a fast piece of sieving hardware dubbed TWINKLE that could be built for about $5000 in volume. He roughly specs a photoelectric sieving device 100 to 1000 times faster than a typical PC for this task. Such devices are not new -- D.H. Lehmer built a mechanical-optical sieve in the 1930's. The RSA site claims that Shamir's device would requires some sophisticated optical/electrical engineering to implement, but that it does appear feasible.

[3] http://www.nytimes.com/library/tech/99/05/biztech/articles/02encr.html
[4] http://www.rsa.com/rsalabs/html/twinkle_qa.html
[5] http://jya.com/twinkle.eps
[6] http://jya.com/twinkle.zip

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Threads Cryptography export policy
See also TBTF for
2000-02-06, 1999-10-05, 08-30, 08-23, 08-16, 07-26, 05-22, 05-08, 04-21, 03-01, 01-26, more...

Bernstein wins appeal

Court decides, 3-2, that US encryption export laws are unconstitutional when applied to source code

A three-judge panel for the US 9th Circuit of Appeals has ruled that the source code for Daniel Bernstein's crypto program Snuffle is speech protected under the First Amendment. The ruling affirms a lower-court decision issued a year and a half ago [7], before the control of crypto exports was moved from the State Department to Commerce. The ruling did not provide Bernstein with injunctive relief to publish his code pending the expected appeal by the Justice Department to the Supreme Court.

Here is the ruling itself [8], authored by Judge Betty Fletcher; below are some excerpts.

Cryptographers use source code to express their scientific ideas in much the same way that mathematicians use equations or economists use graphs

We find that the export administration regulations operate as a prepublication licensing scheme that burdens scientific expression, vest boundless discretion in government officials, and lack adequate procedural safeguards.

We emphasize the narrowness of our First Amendment holding. We do not hold that all software is expressive. Much of it surely is not... We hold merely that because the prepublication licensing regime challenged here applies directly to scientific expression, vests boundless discretion in government officials, and lacks adequate procedural safeguards, it constitutes an impermissible prior restraint on speech.

Whether we are surveiled by our government, by criminals, or by our neighbors, it is fair to say that never has our ability to shield our affairs from prying eyes been at such a low ebb. The availability and use of secure encryption may offer an opportunity to reclaim some portion of the privacy we have lost. Government efforts to control encryption thus may well implicate not only the First Amendment rights of cryptographers intent on pushing the boundaries of their science, but also the constitutional rights of each of us as potential recipients of encryption's bounty. Viewed from this perspective, the government's efforts to retard progress in cryptography may implicate the Fourth Amendment, as well as the right to speak anonymously..., the right against compelled speech..., and the right to informational privacy...

The government's argument suggests that even one drop of "direct functionality" overwhelms any constitutional protections that expression might otherwise enjoy. This cannot be so. If it were, we would have expected the Supreme Court to start and end its analysis of David Paul O'Brien's burning of his draft card with an inquiry into whether he was kept warm by the ensuing flames.

In light of the ruling some in the crypto community are calling for the immediate posting of cryptographically sensitive materials from US shores. Some examples are the international Cryptography Freedom page [9] and the original source code for Snuffle itself [10]. But Cindy Cohn, one of the victorious lawyers, strikes a note of caution [11]: it would be wiser to wait 52 days before setting up a crypto redistribution repository in the US, even from the 6-state area under the purview of the 9th Circuit Court.

Thanks to the TBTF Irregular David Black for his usual astute reading of legal prose.

[7] http://tbtf.com/archive/1996-12-24.html#s01
[8] http://jya.com/bernstein-9th.htm
[9] http://jya.com/crypto-free.htm
[10] http://www.shmoo.com/~pablos/Snuffle/snuffle.shar
[11] http://www.ljx.com/mailinglists/cyberia-l/20266.html

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Stunning Australian censorship proposal could become law

Advice of technical experts and government panels is ignored

TBTF Irregular [12] Eric Scheid <eric at ironclad dot net dot au> has been feeding me material on a drastic swing in politics being played out now in Australia. Proposed legislation would outlaw any Net content in that country down to an "R" rating and would compel ISPs to block all such material worldwide from Australian viewers. The SJ Mercury News's Dan Gillmor says [13]:

As Australia's government races headlong toward a regime of Internet censorship, a visitor from the United States is tempted to ridicule the notion and the politicians who are responsible. But I find myself more saddened than smug as I look at the proposed bill.
Here are some salient points from the proposed legislation that sounds more suitable to a brutal dictatorship than to an enlightened Western society, from a posting by Kimberley Heitman, Chair of Electronic Frontier Australia:
First new feature is the licencing of ISPs, and compulsory trade unionism ... Daily penalties of $27,500 should be enough to bring small ISPs into line, if the threat of being shut down by the Federal Court doesn't.

Second, the ABA will... tell ISPs what hardware and software to use. Oh, and from now on ISPs work weekends, as takedown orders issued by email or fax will have to be complied-with within 24 hours. Same penalties natch -- $27,500 daily for merely allowing "adult themes" material.

Third, people can complain about ISPs as well as sites, for permitting access to "adult themes" material anywhere in the world... Is there any doubt that proxy filters are to be compulsory?

Fourth, less censorious State and Territory laws are overridden, and no-one under 18 is allowed to own an account. Free speech is dead coast to coast...

And finally, everything archiveable is covered, not just web sites. As technology improves, the industry and the public will pay for smaller and smaller sieves down to the RAM caches, IRC, and newsgroups.

There's no pretence in this Bill that self-regulation means anything other than outsourcing censorship.

This extremely disturbing story is still developing; you can follow the news on the Link mailing list [14] (search for Alston, Harradine, censorship). Here are some links to resources provided by Eric Scheid.

[12] http://tbtf.com/the-irregulars.html
[13] http://www.mercurycenter.com/svtech/columns/gillmor/docs/dg050499.htm
[14] http://www.anu.edu.au/mail-archives/link/
[15] http://www.dcita.gov.au/nsapi-text/?MIval=dca_dispdoc&pathid=3648
[16] http://www.efa.org.au/Publish/PR990319.html
[17] http://www.gtlaw.com.au/pubs/newdarkage.html
[18] http://www.dcita.gov.au/nsapi-text/?MIval=dca_dispdoc&pathid=3756
[19] http://www.efa.org.au/Campaigns/99.html

space ______

Talk of US-mandated disabled access to Web pages is premature

Freedom Forum story is much reported and overblown

A little-noted law passed last year requires the Web sites of government agencies, and of anyone who supplies Web deliverables to the government, to meet criteria for accessibility for people with disabilities. Adam Clayton Powell III has touched off a broad debate with a story [20] that projects dire consequences from this simple and sensible law. The accessibility provision is contained in Section 508 [21] of the Workforce Investment Act, passed last year by Congress. While the law is mandatory only for government sites and for contractors that provide Web content to the government, Powell quotes some members of the committee responsible for writing the rules as they speculate on the (to them presumably desirable) possibility that all US-based Web sites may some day come under the force of such rules. In a Ziff Davis interview [22], Jenifer Simpson, a member of the rules committee, justified such unprecedented government intervention in a publishing medium this way:

The Internet is subject to market forces, but it didn't start through market forces, it was started by the federal government.
She was certainly speaking out of school. The Supreme Court has ruled, in striking down parts of the Communications Decency Act, that the Internet is a medium deserving of the strongest First Amendment protections.

A poster to the fight-censorship mailing list summarized thus the universal government tendency to give us a fat 3-ring binder when what we need is a paragraph:

Given the reasonably sane goal of assuring that all taxpaying citizens, regardless of their physical condition, have access to

what they've paid for, one might (if one were not a government employee) expect something like:

"All data posted to the web by the government shall include 'alt' tags in any graphics. The government shall design web pages to conform with the capabilities of leading tools for the handicapped, save where such conformance defeats the purpose of the site."

Of course, that's not what we got.

Thanks to the TBTF Irregulars, in particular Jamie McCarthy and David Black, for perspective and editorial balance on this story. McCarthy has written an analysis [23] concluding that the Freedom Forum story is irresponsible journalism and calling for a retraction. Powell is sticking by his viewpoint.

[20] http://www.freedomforum.org/technology/1999/4/30handicapaccess.asp
[21] http://www.usdoj.gov/crt/508/508law.html
[22] http://www.msnbc.com/news/260652.asp
[23] http://truman.fac.org/forum/messagedetail.asp?msgID=16678

___

Electronic ink debuts

Immedia technology promises real electronic books, someday

E Ink [24], a Cambridge company, promises flat-panel displays that can be printed on any surface, moving us one step closer to the advertising-saturated world of Neal Stephenson's Snow Crash [25]. The first commercial installation of its Immedia technology in an advertising panel [26] has been unveiled in the sports department of a J.C.Penney store in a Boston exurb (photo [27], 61K). Area geeks have been making the pilgrimage to the Solomon Pond Mall in Marlboro, Massachusetts to marvel at a 4-by-6-foot (1.3-by-2 meter) display, 3mm thick, featuring a miniature wireless device by which store employees can update it every 10 seconds. The display uses less than emended 1 watt of energy.

[24] http://www.electronic-ink.com/
[25] http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0553562614/tbtf
[26] http://www.electronic-ink.com/releases/pr7.html
[27] http://www.electronic-ink.com/images/jcp_1.jpg

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Siliconia: the e-Coast

Portsmouth, NH is the latest soon-to-be-hot tech area

Portsmouth, New Hampshire is the latest region to hold a naming contest and launch a branding program to boost its recognition as a technology center. The resulting Siliconium [28] is e-Coast, designating the 18-mile NH seacoast and adjacent areas of Massachusetts and Maine. It's too bad the Boston Globe headline writer chose to title its story [29] "Silicon Seacoast." Anchoring Portsmouth's vibrant and growing high-tech scene is venture-backed Bow Street Software, with killer office space on the Piscataqua River where the famous tugboats tie up [30]. Unfortunately I can't tell you what Bow Street does: their Web site [31] is too high-tech for my Communicator 4.51 browser. It presents a black-on-black window with a few rollovers; the link to a text-only version leads back to the same inaccessible site.

Thanks to Aaron Smith <a dot smith at rscs dot net> of the Greater Portsmouth Chamber of Commerce for word on the e-Coast.

Note added 1999-05-11: Kevin D. Clark <kclark at cabletron dot com> sent word of this TechWeb story about Bow Street Software.

[28] http://tbtf.com/siliconia.html
[29] http://www.boston.com/dailyglobe2/125/business/Silicon_seacoast%2b.shtml
[30] http://www.tugboatalley.com/index1.htm
[31] http://bowstreet.com/

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Snailmail for the Internet age

Bridging email to a more venerable medium

A new company [32] formed by an Irish e-commerce expert promises to turn Net surfers into letter writers. Letterpost is the brainchild of Dr. Donal O'Mahony of Trinity College in Dublin. While on sabbatical at Stanford he decided to partake of the local customs and create his own Internet startup. Here's how it works. You buy postage at [32], 99 cents per letter, and type the recipient's address and your message. The letter is printed out, put in an envelope, and mailed from one of Letterpost.com's automated mail centers. The first such center is operational in San Francisco; Ireland will open in May and India in June. The company will be targeting US immigrant groups such as Irish-Americans and first- and second-generation Indians, helping them to keep in touch with unwired relatives back home.

TBTF Irregular John R. LoVerso <loverso dot southborough dot ma dot us> writes:

What's old is new again. Back in '82, the US Postal Service had an (ummm, forgot the correct term) "electronic telegram" service. This was when they were asking Congress to allow them to control electronic mail delivery. Anyway, one enterprising soul made a UUCP-to-egram gateway. You had to UUCP mail (foo!bar!another!there) the letter in an exacting format, but it ended up getting printed and mailed. I used it several times. Like all things in "the good old days" of the net, it was free.
Reader Prasenjeet Dutta <pd at cse dot vec dot ac dot in> notes:
A company called Multinet Infosys [33] has been offering a free letterpost service in India at for quite some time now. They'll send letters to anywhere in India for free, although they do ask you to register.
[32] http://www.letterpost.com/
[33] http://www.homeindia.com/post/main.htm

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Web logs

Going public with your filtered browsing

If you've missed the Web log phenomenon, allow me to introduce you. For some years Web adepts have been posting daily commentary on and links to sites they find compelling; the first Web log may have been NCSA's What's New page [34]. Suddenly Web logs are legion. Leslie Harpold comments on the phenomenon in Smug [35]:

I love riffing through a good log, it's kind of the vicarious voyeuristic thrill picking through someone else's purse or junk drawer, but I'm fairly certain there's more than enough dull stuff on the web, so no need to add to the pile. If Web Logs become as ubiquitous as the cargo pant, the stylishness and cache will be wholly depleted and it will be gone faster than the wrap sandwich.
Here are some of the Web logs I find most useful to the topics TBTF covers:

Some consider TBTF's Tasty Bit of the Day feature a Web log, but that's a stretch. The TBoDay is considerably more cooked than the items in most Web logs; it's a first draft for a regular TBTF item. But a growing acquaintance with Web logs has moved me to make TBTF available in "push" form to Dave Winer's Userland [42], a sort of toolkit for constructing your own personal meta-log.

[34] http://www.ncsa.uiuc.edu/SDG/Software/Mosaic/Docs/old-whats-new/whats-new-0693.html
[35] http://www.smug.com/current/net.html
[36] http://rc3.org/
[37] http://hack-the-planet.felter.org/
[38] http://www.chaparraltree.com/honeyguide/
[39] http://www.chaparraltree.com/scison/
[40] http://www.jjg.net/infosift/
[41] http://tr.pair.com/
[42] http://my.userland.com/

___

The world through an eBay lens

The eBay auction site is now about the size of the 1994 Internet and I would wager it is growing as fast. Auction is one of the killer apps of the Net today. eBay presents us with various analogies to the early Net: it's large, shambling, nearly unmanageable; it's fast-moving, rough-and-tumble, and very American. For weeks now Web watchers have been passing around eBay URLs, pointing to auctions in progress or completed, as bellwethers of coming trends. Here are a few.

bul eBayla

Canadian security enthusiast Tom Cervenka, who goes by the handle Blue Adept, has invented a new flavor of virus: he has created an infected eBay auction item [43] that he calls eBayla. The exploit works because eBay allows JavaScript in the member-authored pages describing an item offered for sale. When an eBay member bids on an infected item, his/her username and password are emailed to Cervenka. EBay's response [44] to the exploit sets a new low for bone-headedness. Not only does eBay downplay the seriousness of the security hole; not only do they get the technical details of the exploit's workings wrong; but they also make vague threats in Cervenka's direction, because he brought this vulnerability to their attention. EBay deserves to get slapped, hard, by its members -- nothing else will make them rethink their cluelessness. Thanks to Michael Sanders <msanders at confusion dot net> for the prod on this story.

[43] http://www.because-we-can.com/ebayla/default.htm
[44] http://www.news.com/News/Item/Textonly/0,25,35321,00.html

bul Car dealer accused of libeling a competitor

A popular feature of the eBay site allows users to rate their encounters with other site users. This forum provides some reputation accountability: both bidders and sellers can check out others' experiences with eBay users and choose whether to do business with them. eBay doesn't monitor, adjudicate, or characterize the posted comments. Recently a vendor of automobiles, new to eBay, watched several bidders withdraw their bids after someone posted negative comments about the dealer [45], [46]. With little difficulty the dealer traced the negative postings to employees of a rival firm operating on eBay.

[45] http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/business/feed/biztop925293980763.htm
[46] http://abcnews.go.com/sections/tech/DailyNews/ebay990408.html

bul Auctioning an ISP team

Sixteen system administrators, developers, and managers from a "major ISP" tried to auction themselves off on eBay [47]. The minimum bid was set above $3.1M, which would give the purchaser use of the team for one year -- and provide the team members with healthy raises. It is unclear if anyone actually bid for this "item" on eBay, but team members said in an interview [48] that several companies had contacted them. Thanks to TBTF Irregular Eric Scheid <eric at ironclad dot net dot au> for the tip.

[47] http://cgi.ebay.com/aw-cgi/eBayISAPI.dll?ViewItem&item=96369441
[48] http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/business/daily/april99/ebay30.htm

bul 13-year-old bids $3M, thinking it's a game

13-year-old Andrew Tyler's parents were surprised when an eBay representative contacted them and asked how Andrew intended to pay $900,000 for a Van Gogh painting he had won at auction [49]. The teenager had also bid on a 1955 Ford convertible, an antique bed, a Viking ship replica, and a Superman comic book.

[49] http://www.usatoday.com/life/cyber/tech/ctf027.htm

___

Jargon Scout: Netopath

What to call a pathological Net abuser

Jargon Scout [50] is an irregular TBTF feature that aims to give you advance warning -- preferably before Wired Magazine picks it up -- of jargon that is just about ready to hatch into the Net's language. Spam fighter JoWazzoo <jowazzoo at whiteice dot com> takes credit for coining the term "netopath," which is applied to the most extreme and deranged form of Net abuser. The Usenet posting in which JoWazzoo coined the term (7952fe$ggl@chronicle.concentric.net) has expired from the archives of both Deja News and Alta Vista, but this immediate followup post [51], which references and quotes it, cements JoWazzoo's claim to the invention.

[50] http://tbtf.com/jargon-scout.html
[51] http://ww2.altavista.com/cgi-bin/news?msg@266119@news%2eadmin%2enet%2dabuse%2eemail%267952fe+ggl+chronicle+concentric+net


Notes

Slashdotted

bul TBTF has been slashdotted [52]. The link [53] to the eBayla story above resulted in 6667 visitors on 1999-04-21 (1000 would have been normal) and 126K hits (vs. a normal 15K). The bandwidth bill has come due and it is not pretty. Not that I'm complaining.

[52] http://www.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/L.Wood/jargon/html/S/slashdoteffect.html
[53] http://slashdot.org/articles/99/04/22/1816245.shtml

bul Some readers took exception to my use of the Jive dialect in the previous issue's title story. Upon reflection I should have chosen another example. Apologies and no offense intended.

Sources

bul For a complete list of TBTF's (mostly email) sources, see http://tbtf.com/sources.html.

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_______________________________________________
Keith Dawson    dawson dot tbtf at gmail dot com
Layer of ash separates morning and evening milk.

___


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